Vapes, also known as electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, are battery-powered devices that heat a liquid (often called e-liquid or vape juice) to create an aerosol that is inhaled by the user. The liquid typically contains nicotine, flavorings, and other additives.
The device consists of a battery, an atomizer, and a cartridge or tank to hold the e-liquid. When the user inhales through the mouthpiece, the battery powers the atomizer, which heats up a coil that is wrapped around a wick. The heat vaporizes the e-liquid, creating a cloud of aerosol that the user inhales.
Most vapes use a type of atomizer called a "coil," which is made of a resistance wire wrapped around a wick, usually made of cotton or silica. When the battery is activated, the coil heats up, vaporizing the e-liquid that has been absorbed by the wick. The user can control the amount of vapor produced by adjusting the voltage or wattage of the device, or by choosing different coils with different resistance levels.
The e-liquid used in vapes typically contains a mixture of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG), both of which are commonly used as food additives and are considered safe for human consumption. PG is a thin, clear liquid that is commonly used as a flavor carrier, while VG is a thicker, sweeter liquid that produces more vapor. Some e-liquids also contain nicotine, which is derived from tobacco and can be highly addictive.
Vapes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from small, cigarette-like devices to large, boxy mods. Some vapes are designed to be disposable, while others can be refilled with e-liquid and reused. Many vapes also have features like adjustable airflow, temperature control, and customizable LED lights.
While vapes are often marketed as a safer alternative to smoking, there are still concerns about the long-term health effects of inhaling aerosolized chemicals. Some studies have shown that vaping can cause lung damage, and there have been reports of e-cigarette users experiencing respiratory problems and other health issues. Additionally, there is concern that vaping may be a gateway to smoking for young people who might not otherwise try tobacco products.